Localization – Stéphane Caron – No Margin For Errors http://www.no-margin-for-errors.com Thu, 07 May 2015 00:40:40 +0000 en-US hourly 1 https://wordpress.org/?v=4.9.6 JavaScript string localization done right http://www.no-margin-for-errors.com/blog/2010/12/01/javascript-string-localization-done-right/ http://www.no-margin-for-errors.com/blog/2010/12/01/javascript-string-localization-done-right/#comments Thu, 02 Dec 2010 02:38:41 +0000 http://www.no-margin-for-errors.com/?p=758

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I live and work in a bilingual environment and most of the things I work on needs to be localized.

While it’s easy to do localization on the server side, it’s not so easy on the client side. There are several solutions available online, but most of the times they are either over-complicated or contains all the languages strings in one file, none of them really cut it for me.

Since I’m obsessed with optimization and performance in the things I develop, I tried to come up with the best solution in that sense. Please note that this method works well if you have a back-end to feed you the localized strings, if you have to do localization that usually means you have some kind of framework running behind the front-end.

So basically, I always only include one localized JavaScript file in my projects, let’s call it “localization.php” and here’s a sample:

<?php header("Content-type: text/javascript"); ?>

var localized_errors = {
	connect : "<?php echo _('Oops! We couldn\'t connect you to the server') ?>",
	loging : "<?php echo _('Oops! We couldn\'t log you onto the server') ?>"
}

var localized_label = {
	previous : "<?php echo _('Previous') ?>",
	next : "<?php echo _('Next') ?>"
}

Now you might have noticed that it’s a PHP file that contains JavaScript, the key here is to make sure that this PHP file is served as JavaScript using the correct header.

Note the the variable scope is global so these are accessible from any javascript file elsewhere in my projet.

Now if you looked closely, you’ll see the I reference the gettext PHP function. If you’ve never heard of it, I highly suggest you read into it, if you’re already using something similar, you should see where I’m going 🙂

The gettext function basically takes a label for parameter and then go look for that label in the proper translation table. So all of the hard work is done on the server side, none of it really happen in the JavaScript.

Here’s what the browser actually see:

var localized_errors = {
	connect : "Oops! We couldn't connect you to the server",
	loging : "Oops! We couldn't log you onto the server"
}

var localized_label = {
	previous : "Previous",
	next : "Next"
}

See that? It’s a nice JavaScript file containing two JSON objects, nothing else. It cannot get easier than this.

Now to reference the labels from anywhere in you application you only need to reference them like so:

alert(localized_errors.connect);

Now let me explain why it’s better to use that method.

The usual localization solutions for JavaScript are done using a JSON object containing all the localized labels, that means that not only do you have to maintain your usual localization tables, but you also need to maintain it for your front-end and experience tells me that you’re just adding another potential breaking point.

Also, if you use the “traditional” method and you have 3 languages, your localized JavaScript is three times bigger as it should be, bigger is not alway better 😉

So that’s it, let me know what you think of if you have any other better method.

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